Duyurular | Announcements In English Not Defteri | Notebook Status Updates

Bright Futures Generator

Sometimes a small idea you came up with and then follow up just because you’re bored on an evening can turn into something really fun. Recently I had one of those, which ended up as Bright Futures Generator, and I’m kinda surprised how much positive reaction it received.

It all started with me reading a Twitter conversation started by Scott Smith’s this meme post. While reading the replies, I first learned about how there are real people who call themselves “keynote futurists” and then saw this reply from Tim Maughan:

At first I replied with “Brb, making a generator for this one.” as a joke. But then the idea of making a real generator got stuck in my head. I don’t know enough coding to call myself a coder or a developer but just enough to find an already written code and edit it to work in the way I want.

Then after looking for different Glitch projects to remix, I found the one I can understand well enough. Then I started collecting terms to fill the generator. I should thank Gartner hype cycles and trend charts for giving me a lot of material for the project.

I think it took about couple hours in total to make everything work good enough. Finally, the Bright Futures Generator was ready for public.

Then I shared it on Twitter and it simply blew up for my Twitter standards. I was surprised mostly by the attention it received from people in or around this field, who I value their opinions and work. Something I made just because I decided to make a fun project mostly because I couldn’t focus on the work I had to do.

Another thing I enjoy about this small project is how useful it actually can be. Yes, it started as a joke and a fun little web tool but it can be quite provocative and useful with its generated sentences at times. Paris Marx’s example is a good one and I’m sure there are many others people coming up with too. I feel like it can be a good practice tool for times when you need some really wild ideas to think about or how far you can take some scenarios you’re working on.

That’s probably why while making this one I also remembered the game/generator Johannes Klingebiel made in 2019, called “Futures of Media Tarot”. Small online tools like these (or physical ones like Superflux’s Instant Archetypes) can be really useful when you need some creative provocations. I hope my Bright Futures Generator will have the same effect.

I’m planning to keep Bright Futures Generator online as long as possible and also want to keep it updated. If you have any ideas or recommendations (about the list, code or the design) feel free to comment to this post, send me an email or reach me out on Twitter.

If you’re curious about the code or want to make a remix of it yourselves, you can find it all in here. Since I made it on Glitch, all the code and materials available for everyone and can be easily modified or copied. Enjoy!

Blogchains Generalist's Toolbox In English Not Defteri | Notebook

How I’m Using Obsidian – The Setup

This entry is part 1 of 1 in the series Generalist's Toolbox


If you know me online or offline, you’ll also know that I have an obsession with productivity and knowledge management stuff. This includes note taking apps, task management apps, different methods and everything related to that. This is partly because of my ADHD and needing a support system for myself but also because how I work in general.

This is why when the new generation of note taking softwares started to appear, I had to test pretty much all of them. For a long time, I was using Roam Research and was generally happy with it. But couple of things pushed me to look for an alternative. These were mainly about security and usability issues, such as Roam being mainly an online service, not having enough security capabilities, the potential of my notes getting stuck in their servers and more. I might’ve not cared about those too much but the atmosphere created around the tool and people gathering around to built a “cult” also made me quite skeptical about the future of Roam.

At this point, I’ve decided to give Obsidian a serious chance and I’m glad that I did. Even though it still has some limitations compared to Roam, those limitations are there because of the things I care about more. Mainly Obsidian making sure that all my notes are available to me in an open format (Markdown) which can be used with any other software that can read Markdown files.

For example, right now I’m writing this post inside Obsidian. When I’m done, I’ll open the file inside iA Writer for final checks and then push it to my blog, which is where you’re reading this right now. This is the kind of usability and interoperability I care more than whether I can move my bullet points more quickly or not.

I can talk about Obsidian for hours but instead, I’ll add couple of recommended reads below and move on to how I’m using it right now.

My Obsidian Setup (as of March 2022)

Theme and Design Settings

This is how my Obsidian looks right now:

Screenshot of my Obsidian setup.

I’m using Minimal Theme with Nord color scheme. There are lots of beautifully designed themes out there but I’m all for clean and minimal design when it comes to tools I’m using for writing and reading. If this sounds like your thing, Minimal is the way to go. Plus Minimal Theme Settings and Style Settings plugins provide lots of options to adjust the theme for your taste.

If you’re looking for something different, you can check Shimmering Focus, Primary, Yin and Yang, California Coast, Sanctum or ITS to start discovering.

In addition to the theme, I also have couple snippets to enhance my Obsidian setup. One of those snippets are for different types of checkboxes. With that snippet, I can add checklists which looks like this:

Screenshot of different bullet points with bullets like bulb, bookmark, question mark.

Another one is a small snippet which lets me change sidebar tabs to different styles. The ones you see on the screenshot is called wide tabs.

I have also couple of different plugins focused on design and visual usability:

  • Sliding Panes: Instead of having single window divided into different panes, this one lets me create multiple panes I can slide left and right to see. After trying it for a while it worked great for me.
  • Indentation Guides: To create relationship lines between bullet points.
  • Hider: To hide some of Obsidian UI to create even more minimal look.

On the right sidebar I have two set of menus. Bottom one is only for the backlinks and outgoing links. Since links are quite important for me, I wanted to keep this part clean. Top one usually has Calendar open but Advanced Tables and Breadcrumbs also has menus there.

On the left, top part is the file manager/search part but I also added two tabs underneath. One is to show me all my tags and the other one always shows the outline of the active note. I also used Hider to change how menus above (Notes, Search, Starred) looks.

Enhancement Focused Plugins

Another thing I like about Obsidian is how much you can enhance the Obsidian itself to do even more inside it. There are lots of different plugins I test regularly and there are always new ones coming. (This is why I’m a big fan of Obsidian Roundup.)

There are some plugins I can highly recommend for anyone who wants to get more out of Obsidian. All of these are available at the community plugins list, which you can find it in Settings. (Same goes for the plugins and themes I’ve mentioned above.)

  • Advanced Tables: You can create basic tables on Markdown but with this plugin you can enhance it even more to use spreadsheet formulas or export to CSV.
  • Calendar: It’s a simple plugin which creates a calendar on the sidebar. Through this calendar you can easily access to your daily notes and see how much you’ve written based on the dots under the dates.
  • Breadcrumbs: It’s a plugin that lets you add relationship data to your notes. It’s useful for organizing notes or creating new relationships in your notes. It takes a little time to learn in the beginning.
  • Dataview: This is a really powerful plugin. With this plugin you can use data in your notes to create lists or tables. And if you use frontmatter (YAML) in your notes, you can also use information on that part too.
  • Auto Link Title: It’s one of those small plugins which makes my notes look much better. Whenever I paste only a link into a note, this plugin gets the title of the page and adds the link with that text.
  • Kanban: If you’re fan of Kanban boards, this is the best option to create Kanban board notes.
  • Charts View: If you need charts in your notes, this will let you create all of the most used types of charts easily.
  • Readwise Official: Thanks to this plugin, I can have all of my Readwise highlights available in my vault. Which is a must for me.
  • Natural Language Dates: If you’re actively using daily notes and want to link dates in other notes to your daily notes, this will help you do this easily.

There are also other plugins for specific purposes such as Advanced Mobile Toolbar for an easier mobile usage, Citations for importing and using BibTex, Outliner for enhanced outlining, DEVONlink if you’re actively using DevonThink and Discord Rich Presence to show off your Obsidian use on Discord.

Closing Notes

I was planning to continue with my organization of notes and folders, what kind of templates I have and other notes but it’s already well over a thousand words so I think sharing those in another post is a good idea. So I’m limiting this one with themes and plugins but I guess my choices has given you some ideas about the second part too.

If you have any questions or things you want me to mention, feel free to send a comment or reach out to me whichever way you prefer.

This is also the start of a new blogchain I call “Generalist’s Toolbox” so expect more posts similar to this about different tools I’m using.

In English Not Defteri | Notebook

Pens, Scissors, and The Systemic Discrimination by Design

One of the questions I think that isn’t asked enough is “who is missing?” If you’re not asking this question when you’re designing or building something, there’s a good chance your work will exclude some people —whether you want it or not. Of course this question works in many other places too, but I wanted to share three recent examples I’ve personally experienced that all revolve around tools. I think these small stories are the symptoms of something we should be dealing now.

Task Manager Hell

For years, I’ve tried maybe dozens of task and time management app and never managed to settle on one. Until 2020, I always blamed myself for that, and after March 2020, I blamed my ADHD. But for some time, I was thinking about why it’s happening, and Clive Thompson’s article made it all come together.

All these apps have strong opinions about how one should live and work. And it all comes from the personal experiences of the founders and designers and their experiences. They think they’ve found the perfect method for themselves to achieve “peak productivity” and decides to sell that to everyone as the magical solution. The problem: I don’t live like them, at all.

Since my life doesn’t look like theirs and my need for a task manager doesn’t come from my goal to achieve “peak productivity” none of them really works for me. I need a tool that will help me to minimize the negative effects of how my brain works, not one that’ll help me better adjust to the late capitalist work ethics. But since the people who make those apps doesn’t think about who will need these tools and why, their marketing pitches fall flat for me every time.

Left Handed Scissors and Ballpoint Pens

One thing that caused me a lot of headache since my childhood is being left-handed. I still remember the traumatic period during the sixth grade when the teacher who taught Religion class told doing anything with left hand is haram. (That event also made me read religious texts more closely, which turned me into an atheist.)

Although my parents never forced me to change hands, I never had any kind of help to better understand what being left-handed means or what kind of issues that might cause. For example, I kind of knew that some tools were designed mainly for right-handed people and doesn’t work well on the left, but no one told me what those are, or I’ve never really seen the left-handed versions of them.

That’s why a couple of weeks ago, I impulse bought left-handed scissors. For a long time, I always thought I’m not good at things like cutting because I just didn’t have the skills. But when that scissor arrived, it all changed. Forcing myself to use something that isn’t for me was the problem all along.

I had a similar revelation about pens, too. Until recently, most of the pens I’ve tried —especially the ballpoint ones— were always acting out. Never writing correctly, their tips not working, it had ink but wasn’t dispensing… I always thought I’ve wasted my money on a broken pen. Recently, I was only using Uniball Jetstream pens because those never caused any problems to me.

When I was reading about pens and notebooks (which is something I do regularly) I’ve come across a sentence about how Jetstream pens were a left-handed favorite. Then I decided to dig around to find the reason, and I did: it was about how the pen’s mechanism designed.

I’ve learned that most ballpoint pens has a mechanism and ink that favors right-handed people. When you’re writing with your right hand, you pull the pen and the ink flows smoothly. But left-handed people push the pen, and most ballpoint pens are not designed to work well with that. So, you get pens that are not disposing ink properly, got stuck or act like they’re out of ink. Since Jetstream had a different design, it didn’t have any issues with left-handed people and works as expected.

Who is Missing?

These are all small examples compared to systemic problems that results from the same short-sightedness. What we all see as systemic discrimination is most of the time comes from how those systems designed. When people who has the power to decide how things are going to work doesn’t bother asking “who is missing in this scenario”, we’re left with a system that excludes so many people. It doesn’t matter if it’s publishing, media, technology, architecture, city planning or policymaking; the result is always the same.

If you think what I’m saying is an overreach, just think about the parts of your daily life for a moment and how it could turn into a problem if you’re someone else. An example if you’re not sure where to start: does your city accessible for someone blind or on a wheelchair? Can they go anywhere they want just like everyone else?

We face with another problem when we decide to talk about these issues. People who has the power —or the privilege to live in a system that’s designed for people like them— tries to convince everyone these are not critical issues. They say there are more urgent problems that needs their time and attention and people should just “stop making it a big deal”. Since it’s not their problem, it’s not critical enough. This is how we end up normalizing all kinds of discrimination: sexism, homophobia, transphobia, ableism, racism, xenophobia, and the rest becomes the norms of the system because it’s not a big deal for the ideal peoples of the system.

(Also, this has a lot to do with the market logic that runs the world: taking only the people that has enough money/vote/influence seriously. But we’ll talk about it later.)

This problem is not that hard to solve, you just need to listen. People who are left out by design already does everything to make their voices heard, offer solutions to these problems, and make the available solutions more visible and accessible. All people need to do is start asking “who is missing”, start listening and including them in the process. I know this means some people will have to give up the power they have, but that’s precisely the point.

In English Kritikler | Critics Not Defteri | Notebook

A Weird Summer Zine

One of the things I’m obsessed with is the magazines and the bigger universe of mags, zines, and niche publications in general. I’m always trying to keep up with what kind of new and experimental things are happening and try to get them whenever possible.

My interest goes back to my teen punk years because photocopy zines were the first places I published my writing (alongside the blogs). I even published a zine all by myself, not sure if anyone else still has their copies around. Since then, zines and magazines become something special for me. Reading them always gives me a different kind of joy.

I’m mentioning all of this because recently, I had a chance to get my hands on an excellent zine called “A Weird Summer”; which is written, designed, and published by Johannes Klingebiel. It’s a limited print of 250 and a great example of what people call a passion project. You can see how much Johannes cared about this zine in every detail, and reading it is a joy. Plus, the zine has a playlist to accompany your reading.

One thing that really makes A Weird Summer special for me is the way Johannes designed and printed it. Like I said, I’m coming from the photocopy times, but seeing you can use the zine format for a beautifully designed and printed publication shows the possibilities of the format. It reminds me why I love this format.

This is why I wanted to mention A Weird Summer and let you know that there are still some copies left over at Johannes’s Gumroad. Moreover, because of Johannes, now I’m thinking about publishing a zine myself. Not sure if it’s going to happen anytime soon, but I really want to do it.

In English İnternet Notları | Notes From Internet Rethinking the Internet

Adventures in Building a Library Catalog

This entry is part 10 of 10 in the series Rethinking the Internet


Some time ago, I wrote about the problems with Goodreads and how StoryGraph can be a good alternative for many. This is something I’m really interested because most of what I do is about books and because of my ADHD brain, not being able to track the books I have causes quite unique problems such as having multiple copies of the same book, sometimes in different languages.

This is why one of my major quests in life is having a personal library catalog in which I can track what I have. But this is not an easy task.

Chapter One: Storygraph

Although Storygraph seemed like a good alternative with many promising options, there were many problems which made it really hard to use. The most important one was the issues with finding and adding Turkish books. Most of them were not available and some were only returning the results for English editions. Which is a huge problem because if I’m going to keep track of my books and my library, I have to make sure the correct editions are logged. 

Another important issue was the limits of its social aspect. There’s no way to know if someone I know is on the platform unless they tell you. There’s no easy way to find people, no way of communicating, etc. Since I was also trying it as a Goodreads alternative, this was an important issue for me. Because I really like seeing which books other people are reading and what they think about it. 

Missing the social side plus not being able to track books in Turkish simply made Storygraph a bad choice for me. I had to move on.

Chapter Two: LibraryThing

Then I tried to give LibraryThing a shot. It seems old school and not really sure how many people actively uses it, but it seemed like a better place to keep a library catalog because of the power tools such as scanning book barcodes with the iOS app. 

At first, LibraryThing was working just fine, until I’ve decided to start adding my library at home to have a catalog I can easily search. Although LibraryThing can search the university libraries in Turkey, most of the data was either incorrect or totally missing. Yes, it was finding most of the books, but occasionally the names were wrong, sometimes the authors. Some books had Turkish character issues in their names, some showed the translator as the main author, some had completely unrelated information.

This is why I’ve returned to using Goodreads for the online and social part of the book tracking adventure. But Goodreads also has issues about Turkish book data, even though much less than the other options. Those issues mainly caused by volunteer librarians on the platform, and although I’m one of them, I don’t have the time to track every issue and fix it.

This means I still need a solution for building my library catalog. That’s when I decided to give an old friend a chance.

Chapter Three: Calibre, The Old Reliable

For those who don’t know, Calibre is a digital library software that’s mainly used for organizing your e-book library. It also has so many power tools and plugins inside, which makes it a crazy powerful software. I’ve been using it to organize my e-books for years, but it never occurred to me that I can use it for more. Until now.

You can simply use Calibre as it is, and it’ll probably work just fine but if you want to make sure that it can find anything, you can go to add-ons and search for these extensions too:

List of Calibre plugins I've installed.
The list: Multiple Countries, DNB_DE, Goodreads, Wikidata, Find Duplicates.

After this, all you have to do is expand the Add Books menu and select “Add Books by ISBN”. This screen will open, and you can add as many ISBNs as you want and let Calibre do its thing. If you need an easy way to separate e-books from paper ones, you can simply add a tag like I did and all the books will have this tag automatically added.

Calibre menu screen for adding ISBNs for import.

Now I can keep track of my library in one place and easily add more books whenever I buy new ones. All I have to do, write the ISBNs on my phone and then paste them inside the Calibre. While other solutions had dozens of missing books or books with incorrect information, Calibre only had two missing ones: one of them published a couple of weeks ago and one published by a small publisher. All I had to do, copy and paste book info from the publisher websites, and it was done.


So, this is where I ended up:

Calibre will be the tool to keep track of our household library for everything, e-books and dead-tree ones. I wish I could find a way to simply turn that into a one-person book blog, but until I have enough time to give it a shot, it’s a dream project waiting in my notes. 

For a more public facing book tracking, I’ll keep using Goodreads. But I’m thinking about other alternatives too. Maybe creating a special category on my blog and write small posts every time I finish one. I’m not sure about it yet.

This experience taught me a lot about platforms, books, ISBNs and many other things. But one common thread I’ve been facing in many online tools is how Western —and sometimes simply US— centric those tools and projects were. I can easily use many tools as long as I keep everything limited with English and/or US-based. When you step outside English, you’re on your own. Nothing fully works and most of the time you have to figure out the problems you face by yourself because most of those were never occurred to the developers or not seemed urgent. 

We always talk about how internet is global and open for everyone in the world, as long as you live in English. And it will seem mostly true if you’re in the US, UK, or some other Western country (although the same problems may be faced by Europeans or people in the US who doesn’t speak English). But when you try to work with another language, even if you’re using a global standart like ISBN, things change quickly. 

If the global internet starts throwing bugs at your face when you’re trying to work with a global standart, think about what kind of problems people are facing regularly when it comes to more serious issues such as content moderation.

In English İnternet Notları | Notes From Internet Not Defteri | Notebook Rethinking the Internet

Why I Keep Coming Back to Blogging

This entry is part 9 of 10 in the series Rethinking the Internet

This is part of one of the blog chains here, titled “Rethinking the Internet” but instead of using numbered titles, I have decided to continue with unique ones.

If you’re someone who writes or reads online, you know that newsletters are the hot trend for a while. While I totally understand why it’s so popular and fits better for different ideas and projects (like the one I do with NewsLabTurkey and Tuhaf Gelecek), I never managed to write my personal one regularly. I could explain why with many different reasons —not being able to plan, can’t find new things to write regularly, being over-critical of my writing, having too much work in my hand— but after reading Cory Doctorow’s recent piece “Memex Method” I know why I couldn’t write a regular newsletter: because what I actually want to do is blogging.

Since I started using internet regularly, I always had blogs. It’s my natural state of being online —even though I spend way too much time on Twitter. I feel comfortable writing for my blog and enjoy the experience in general. I can work on my half-baked ideas without much pressure, because now everyone expects newsletters to be fully finished ideas and articles. Although it’s an understandable expectation, not really what I want to do.

Quoting from Cory, this is what I prefer doing:

“Blogging isn’t just a way to organize your research — it’s a way to do research for a book or essay or story or speech you don’t even know you want to write yet. It’s a way to discover what your future books and essays and stories and speeches will be about.”

This is especially important if you consider the fact that almost all of the work I do can be summed up as “reading, researching, taking notes and writing stuff”. I know some people prefer to call what Cory describes as blogging “digital gardens” but I’m having a hard time to understand why it’s not just called blogging. For my personal practice people usually describe as digital garden are either blogging but more linked together or how I use my private Roam Research graph for. There’s a good chance I might be missing something too.

Returning back to newsletter and blog thing, Dan Hon wrote about Cory’s piece on his newsletter and said something important: “But a blog post would be different. Medium posts are different. The setting is different. The place is different. The context is different.” This is quite important because what I couldn’t manage that newsletter keep going is mainly because I wasn’t doing something unique for that setting but instead trying to blog with a newsletter. That’s why I felt limited, not really fitting.

And of course there’s the thing about making an income out of your online writing. Right now creating a paid newsletter is the easiest way to almost anyone online but because I can’t create a Stripe account that’s not an option for me. I have a Patreon that’s been going on for a really long time but because I couldn’t figure out how to use that and a newsletter together, it never really took off. But if I decide to go with a blogging focused writing, I can make more use out of it and make sure people supporting me can have something more visible in their hands. For example, I can simply turn any post here patron-only and people supporting my work can read it with one click.

What I’m trying to say —both to you and myself— is that blogging is my real home online and I’m going to be using here more actively from now on. I’m still not sure what I’m going to do with the newsletter but I’m thinking about turning that into a semi-regular announcement channel about the work and blogging I’m doing. Or maybe I will come up with an exciting experiment in the future.

Let’s end this with another quote from Cory about why blogging is important for anyone who’s job is similar to mine and his:

“There’s another way that blogging makes my writing better: writing every day makes it easier to write every day.”

PS. I’ve recently updated my RSS Reader page here if anyone is interested in that.

Ahmet Nerede | Where's Ahmet DEHB ile Yaşamak Duyurular | Announcements Not Defteri | Notebook Türkçe

DEHB Üzerine Sıkça Sorulmayan Sorular

This entry is part 2 of 2 in the series DEHB ile Yaşamak

Daha önce de yazdığım gibi, DEHB ile yaşamak veya bu konuda faydalanacak kaynak, konuşacak insan bulmak hiç de kolay bir iş değil. Zaten zor olan birçok şey, bu yalnız kalma hâli ve gizlenme zorunluluğu ile daha da çekilmez bir noktaya gelebiliyor. Bu yüzden Twitter’da ilk yazdıklarımdan bu yana aldığım olumlu tepkiler ve bu konudaki ihtiyacın seviyesi nedeniyle elime fırsat geçtikçe bir şeyler yapmak için çaba göstermeye karar verdim.

İlker Küçükparlak hocamın da desteği ve bir şeyler yapma isteği ile yukarıda gerçekleştirdiğimiz canlı yayın da bu fikirlerin ilk sonucu. İlker hocanın özellikle daha doğrudan tecrübeye ve bunun paylaşılmasının yaratacağı faydaya odaklanıyor olması, beni memnun eden ve katılmayı keyifle kabul etmeme sebep olan noktaların başında geliyor. Şu ana kadar gelen tepkilerden görebildiğim kadarıyla da yayın gerçekten amacına ulaşmış ve izleyenler için gerçekten faydalı olmuş. Dürüst olmam gerekirse, bu derece olumlu bir tepki beklemiyordum, devamının istenmesine ise şaşırdım. Ama aynı zamanda çok mutlu oldum.

Sohbetimizin tamamını YouTube üzerinden izlemek isterseniz yukarıdan ve bu linkten erişebilirsiniz. Yayın eş zamanlı olarak Instagram’da da yapıldı, eğer orayı tercih ederseniz onun linki de burada.

Bu noktadan sonra amacım bu konularda bir şeyler üretmeye olabildiğince devam etmek ve bu sayede DEHB ile yaşayanların birbirini bulmasına ve destek olmasına yardım eden bir aracı olabilmek. Çünkü yayın sonrasında gelen yorumlardan ve mesajlardan ben de birçok şey öğreniyorum. Bunları bir yerde toplamayı ve insanların bu içerikler ve kaynaklar aracılığıyla buluşmasını çok isterim.

Bu yüzden bu blog postunu (ve bundan sonra bu konuda yazacaklarımı) bunun için bir açık sohbet ortamı olarak görebilirsiniz. Yorumları DEHB ile ilgili aklınıza gelen her şeyi paylaşmak için kullanabilirsiniz. Bu sayede hem diğer DEHB’lilere destek olacak kaynakları bir yerde toplamış oluruz hem de ben sizlerden daha fazla şey öğrenebilirim. Eğer siz de bu konuda bir şeyler yapıyor veya üretiyorsanız onu da mutlaka paylaşın. İçiniz rahat olsun, herhangi bir trollüğe veya gereksiz saldırganlığa izin vermeyen katı bir moderasyon uygulayacağım.

Sitemde DEHB ile ilgili tüm içerikleri sağ taraftaki menüde de görebileceğiniz DEHB ile Yaşamak serisi altında topluyor olacağım. Eğer bu sayfayı yayınlandıktan uzun bir süre sonra keşfettiyseniz linke tıklayarak tüm arşivi görebilirsiniz.

Tekrardan gösterdiğiniz ilgi ve güzel yorumlarınız için teşekkürler. Gelen mesajlara ve yorumlara elimden geldiğince cevap yazmaya çalışacağım (burada, YouTube linkinde ve Twitterda) ama yetişemezsem de anlayışla karşılayacağınızı umuyorum. 😊

In English Not Defteri | Notebook

Storytelling with Games and AI Suffering

11 23 2020 10 21 35 AM w000mpsh 1 Moment

AI and philosophy of mind in general is one of my topics of interest, even though I’m not writing about in public much. Before I dropped out of my MA in Philosophy, I was working on a thesis based on this issue. Now I just read and think about it in a much less academic setting.

This is why when I was listening to Ted Chiang’s conversation with Ezra Klein, I was quite taken by his perspective on AI and suffering. In many ways, it was really close to my perspective on the ethical side of the problem. I want to write more about my ideas on this, but today I want to talk about something else.

Even though I know and follow a lot about video games, I’m quite picky when it comes to devoting my time. Most of the time, the thing I look at first is storytelling and world building. I want games I play to tell me a story, a good one. In a sense, I think about video games similar to literature

This is why Destiny 2 is one of my favorite games and devoted hundreds of hours to it in the last 2 years or so. It’s fun to play, but also it has a really deep story and a complex world, which many games simply lacks. Their writers team consider so many complex relationships, serious issues and adds that into the game in a really elegant way.

One of those stories arrived with their Beyond Light extension in November. This extension added a lot of depth and new characters to the story but also a beautiful story about the AI in the game’s world. I’ll try to summarize with minimum spoilers, but you can probably find videos and more online, if you don’t have time to play.

In the game, there are entities called Exos, which are simply conscious robots with human memories, created by someone called Clovis Bray —mad scientist of the Destiny world. One of the main storylines was about learning more about the creation of Exos and Clovis Bray’s story. In the quest about this story, your character travels around Jupiter’s moon Europa and finds discarded Exos from old experiments and takes their memories and listen those recordings. In those recordings you listen what those Exos were going through in that experiment period and what kind of issues they were dealing with. If we return to our starting point, listen how they were suffering.

Every recording tells you about a different issue they deal with. Like the one you listen an Exo who —because of the memories uploaded— craves about specific food but can’t taste because of his mechanical body and this drives him crazy. He suffers because he wants something that’s not possible for him. And it’s told in a really moving way. Not gonna lie, some of them really hit me hard.

Things like this makes me love Destiny 2 because they really know how to use the tools video games have to tell a beautiful story. And this is why I always look for the story in a video game I play because I know there are many possibilities in the technology to tell deep and important stories. You can talk about AI all you want but the experience of listening a memory of an AI while you’re right next to their corpse is something much more effective.

Ahmet Nerede | Where's Ahmet İnternet Notları | Notes From Internet Not Defteri | Notebook Rehberler | Guides Röportajlar | Interviews Türkçe

WhatsApp, Güvenli Mesajlaşma ve Gizlilik

Geçtiğimiz birkaç gün içerisinde WhatsApp’ın kullanıcılarına gönderdiği yeni sözleşme değişikliği bildirimi ile mesajlaşma uygulamalarının güvenliği, internetteki veri gizliliğimiz ve daha birçok konu beklediğimden çok daha canlı bir şekilde ülkemizde gündem hâline geldi. Elbette bu durum birtakım yanlış bilgilerin ve yanlış anlaşılmaların da yayılmasına neden oldu. Yine de genel olarak Internette ne kadar güvende olduğumuz ya da gizliliğimizin nasıl ihlal edilebildiği üzerine konuşmaya, buna dair bir şeyler yapmaya başladık.

Konuya dair Twitter’da yazdıklarım büyük ilgi topladı ve farklı platformlarda da konuyla ilgili görüşlerime başvuruldu. Bunları herkesin istediği zaman erişebileceği bir arşive dönüştürmenin iyi olacağını düşündüm. Bu sayede Twitter’da yazdıklarımı başka yerlerde daha kolay bir şekilde paylaşabilirsiniz.

Yeni gelişmeler oldukça burayı güncelleyeceğim. O yüzden konuyu merak ediyorsanız arada bir burayı ziyaret edebilirsiniz.

Uygulamaların Arasındaki Güvenlik Farkı

WhatsApp gizlilik sözleşmesi değişikliğinden sonra tekrar mesajlaşma uygulamalarını tartışmaya başladık. Ama ortalıkta çok fazla yanlış bilgi ve kötü tavsiye var. O yüzden bu thread ile olabildiğince hepsini temizlemeye çalışacağım.

Önce bir üçlü kıyas yapalım. Linkteki görseller Signal, WhatsApp ve Telegram’ın gizlilik konusundaki seviyesini özetliyor. Bariz bir şekilde Signal daha iyi.

Telegram’la ilgili çok fazla yanlış bilgi var. Örneğin kendilerini Rusya’ya kafa tutuyor gibi göstermeyi çok seviyorlar ama bu haberi asla konuşmazlar. Ya da Rusya’nın Telegram yasağını durduk yere kaldırmaya nasıl ikna olduğunu. (Telegram’a dair çekincelerimi biraz daha detaylı olarak buradaki tweetlerde anlattım.)

Hepsini geçtim güvenlik anlamında Signal ile hiçbir şekilde karşılaştırılamayacak kadar kötü durumda. Uçtan uca şifreleme gizli sohbet dışında yok ve tüm konuşmalarınızın yedeği sunucularında var. Üstelik şifreleme için kullandıkları yolun ne kadar güvenli olduğu da şüpheli. WhatsApp bile bu sözleşme değişimine rağmen Signal’in şifreleme protokolünü kullanıyor ve en azından görüşmelerinizi uçtan uca şifrelemeye devam ediyor. Ama bu değişimi bir süredir bekliyordum zaten. Facebook sadece parayı düşündüğü için satın alma sonrası kaçınılmazdı. (Sözleşme değişikliğine ve bunu neden yaptıklarına dair ek bilgileri burada bulabilirsiniz.)

Signal ise her anlamda maksimum güvenlik ve gizlilik odaklı tasarlanıyor ve buna rağmen her özelliğe sahip. Bilgisayardan video görüşme bile yapabiliyorsunuz. Üstelik size dair hiçbir şey bilmiyor ve veri toplamıyor. Signal protokolü, şifreleme sistemi, her açıdan düzenli olarak test edilen ve endüstri standardı hâline gelen bir protokol. Güvenliği ve gizliliğe verdiği önemi tartışmaya açmaya bile gerek yok. Şu anda en iyisi bu.

Tüm bu örnekler varken Telegram daha güvenli veya iyi demenin akıl alır bir yanı yok. iMessage bile her şeyi uçtan uca şifrelerken Telegram gibi bunu yapmamakta ısrar eden bir uygulamayı tercih etmenin de anlamı yok.

WhatsApp her ne kadar mesajları güvende tutsa da gizlilik konusunda çok kötü bir duruma geldi. Üstelik az kişinin fark ettiği kimi ufak değişiklikler de durumu daha kafa karıştırıcı bir hâle getirdi.

Sonuç olarak eğer daha iyi bir mesajlaşma uygulaması kullanmak istiyorsanız en iyi seçenek Signal. Bu kadar basit. Eğer FB zaten her şeyimi biliyor şifreleme yeter derseniz WhatsApp yine kullanılabilir. Telegram kullanıyorsanız da hiçbir şekilde güvenli değilmiş gibi kabul edin.

Bir görselle özet.

IMG 0719

Bu arada Bip konusuna hiç girmedim ama orada durum çok daha kötü. Mesajlarınız için uçtan uca şifreleme veya ek gizlilik özellikleri yok. Üstelik her şeyiniz sunucularında ve parola dışında bir koruma yok. Özetle Bip’i kullanmak için mantıklı hiçbir gerekçe göremiyorum.

Son olarak Teyit ekibinin bu tablosunu ekleyeyim. Çok güzel bir şekilde özetlemişler.

Güvenlik ve Gizlilik Neden Hakkımız?

Bu konu üzerinden özellikle görebildiğim cevaplarda dijital güvenlik algımız ve beklentilerimiz üzerine kimi sıkıntılar olduğunu gördüm. Uzun zamandır bu alanda bir şeyler yapmaya çalışan birisi olarak bu sıkça karşılaştığım sıkıntılara dair birkaç not düşmek istiyorum.

Öncelikle güvenlik ve gizlilik konusunda bir beklentinizin olması sizi potansiyel kötü birisi yapmaz. Aksine, bu her insanın sahip olması gereken normal bir arzudur. Nasıl ki evlerimizde perde, kilit gibi temel şeylerle bir gizlilik sağlıyoruz dijitalde de bunu istemek normal.

Hepimiz artık farkındayız internetin ve kullandığımız cihazların hayatımızın kaçınılmaz bir parçası olduğunun. Pandemi ile bu daha da bariz hâle geldi. Bu büyük tepkinin sebebi de bu aslında. Çünkü birçok insan WhatsApp’ı gizlilik konusunda iyi kabul ediyordu. Bunu küçümsemenin ya da “2016’dan bu yana böyleydi” demenin o yüzden pek de katkısı olacağını düşünmüyorum. Evet doğru ama şu anda karşılaştığımız tepki daha çok insanların önkabulleri ve mevcut kullanım seviyeleri ile alakalı.

10 yıldır dijital güvenlik konusunda yazan, eğitim ve danışmanlık veren birisi olarak öğrendiğim şeylerden birisi de her insanın farklı bir güvenlik ve gizlilik beklentisi veya ihtiyacı olduğu. Bu yaptığı işten yaşadığı yere kadar birçok şeye bağlı olarak değişen bir şey. Bu yüzden de en önem verdiğim şeylerden birisi insanlara ihtiyaçlarına göre bu konuda yardım etmek. Bu yüzden geçtiğimiz aylarda kendi güvenlik ihtiyaçlarınızı anlamanıza yardım edecek bir yöntemi rehber olarak yazmıştım.

Ancak başa dönecek olursak, güvenlik ve gizlilik hepimizin temel seviyede beklediği ve istediği bir şey. Bunu da ancak belirli alışkanlıklarımızı değiştirerek ve daha iyi alternatifleri tercih ederek yaygınlaştırabiliriz.

Bu konudaki algının değişmesi için (özellikle dijitalde) güvenlik ve gizlilik konusunda temel seviyeyi olabildiğince yüksekte tutmamız lazım. Bunun yolu da bu seviyeyi sağlayacak araçların yaygınlaşması. Ne kadar çok kişi Signal kullanırsa o güvenlik seviyesi normalimiz olacak.Tam aksi şekilde ne kadar çok kişi “aman neyi gizliyoruz sanki” diyerek daha az gizlilik sunan alternatiflere yönelirse, o zaman herkes için daha fazla güvenlik ve gizlilik isteyenler azınlık hâline gelip dışlanacak. Yani amacımız toplumsal algıyı değiştirmek olmalı.

Bu yüzden iyisiyle kötüsüyle şu an bu konuları konuşuyor olmamızdan memnunum. Çünkü dijital güvenlik artık hayatımızın mecburi parçalarından birisi ve maalesef internette bu gizlilik haklarımızı ihlal etmek isteyen çok farklı gruplar ve şirketler kol geziyor. Eğer biz bu konuda güçlü bir minimum seviyede ısrarcı olursak ve bunun normalimiz olmasını sağlarsak, daha güvenli ve keyifli bir internet kullanabileceğiz. Kendi verilerimizin nasıl ve ne şekilde kullanılacağına karar verme hakkına sahip olmak da bunun ilk aşaması.

Şu an WhatsApp, Signal, Telegram vb ekseninde konuşuyoruz ama bu tüm interneti kapsayan bir mesele. Uzaktan eğitim, evden çalışma, devlet işlerinin dijitalde yapılması, sağlık verileri gibi birçok konuda temel seviyede bir güvenlik ve gizlilik hakkımız ve normalimiz olmalı.

Konuyla ilgili görüş verdiğim, soruları cevapladığım ve kaynak gösterildiğim yayınlar:

In English İnternet Notları | Notes From Internet

RSS is not dead?

It looks like people are finally waking up to the fact that RSS was never dead. I don’t know why people claimed that just because a tech overlord decided something is not profitable for them. People are still using it and it’s as good and alive as it’s always been.

At the end of 2019, Jay Springett told people they should start a blog. This year Matt Webb created a really good website to introduce people to RSS and Tom Critchlow put out a really good idea about how to use RSS in creative ways, which I talked about it earlier. Plus, Substack started a beta for their RSS reader —which is mainly for their newsletters, I know it’s confusing— and Sara M. Watson declared the return of RSS readers.

I think calling it “people are returning to RSS” is more accurate but that probably won’t make people click on a link. But that’s what actually is happening and I think that’s heavily related to something I talked about earlier.

After all this chatter and seeing how Matt decided to put out his OPML file online, I thought maybe I should do something like that too. Especially because there are more and more people wants to start using RSS readers again but don’t know where to start. If you enjoy the kind of stuff I talk about, my list can help you to start filling your reader.

There are some notes about the list at the page but I also recommend checking Jay’s blog post about how he uses his reader.

And finally, if you want to share feed recommendations you think I —or people visiting here— might enjoy following, comments are open.